Spring Cloud Gateway - 路由法则

作者: Anoyi

2019-11-14 21:01

1、 After Route Predicate Factory

输入一个参数:时间,匹配该时间之后的请求,示例配置:

spring:
  cloud:
    gateway:
      routes:
      - id: after_route
        uri: https://anoyi.com
        predicates:
        - After=2019-11-11T11:11:11.111+08:00[Asia/Shanghai]

2、Before Route Predicate Factory

输入一个参数:时间,匹配该时间之前的请求,示例配置:

spring:
  cloud:
    gateway:
      routes:
      - id: before_route
        uri: https://anoyi.com
        predicates:
        - Before=2019-11-11T11:11:11.111+08:00[Asia/Shanghai]

3、Between Route Predicate Factory

输入两个参数:时间1、时间2,匹配该时间段的请求,示例配置:

spring:
  cloud:
    gateway:
      routes:
      - id: between_route
        uri: https://anoyi.com
        predicates:
        - Between=2019-11-10T11:11:11.111+08:00[Asia/Shanghai], 2019-11-12T11:11:11.111+08:00[Asia/Shanghai]

4、Cookie Route Predicate Factory

输入两个参数:Cookie 名称、正则表达式,匹配 Cookie 中是否存在该名称且值与正则表达式匹配,示例配置:

spring:
  cloud:
    gateway:
      routes:
      - id: cookie_route
        uri: https://anoyi.com
        predicates:
        - Cookie=name, ano.i

5、Header Route Predicate Factory

输入两个参数:Header 名称、正则表达式,匹配 Header 中是否存在该名称且值与正则表达式匹配,示例配置:

spring:
  cloud:
    gateway:
      routes:
      - id: header_route
        uri: https://anoyi.com
        predicates:
        - Header=name, ano.i

6、Host Route Predicate Factory

输入一个参数:Host Name 表达式列表,匹配 Header 中 Host 字段的值,示例配置:

spring:
  cloud:
    gateway:
      routes:
      - id: host_route
        uri: https://anoyi.com
        predicates:
        - Host=**.anoyi.cn,**.anoyi.io

7、Method Route Predicate Factory

输入一个参数:HTTP Method,匹配请求方法,示例配置:

spring:
  cloud:
    gateway:
      routes:
      - id: method_route
        uri: https://anoyi.com
        predicates:
        - Method=GET

8、Path Route Predicate Factory

输入两个参数:Spring PathMatcher 表达式列表、【可选】matchOptionalTrailingSeparator 标识,示例配置:

spring:
  cloud:
    gateway:
      routes:
      - id: host_route
        uri: https://anoyi.com
        predicates:
        - Path=/foo/{segment},/bar/{segment}

9、Query Route Predicate Factory

输入两个参数:请求参数、【可选】正则表达式,匹配请求地址类似于 https://anoyi.com/test?hello=world&name=anoyi 所包含的 request params, 示例配置:

# 仅匹配是否包含参数 hello
spring:
  cloud:
    gateway:
      routes:
      - id: query_route
        uri: https://anoyi.com
        predicates:
        - Query=hello
# 匹配参数 name 是否以 ano 开头
spring:
  cloud:
    gateway:
      routes:
      - id: query_route
        uri: https://anoyi.com
        predicates:
        - Query=name, ano.*

10、RemoteAddr Route Predicate Factory

输入一个参数:IPv4 或 IPv6 地址列表,匹配请求来源的IP地址是否在该列表,示例配置:

spring:
  cloud:
    gateway:
      routes:
      - id: remoteaddr_route
        uri: https://anoyi.com
        predicates:
        - RemoteAddr=192.168.1.1/24
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